What is Key Account Management?
Key Account Management (KAM) is crucial for cultivating valuable customer relationships. AKAM addresses the lack of information by offering a clear and comprehensive understanding of KAM. Our approach combines research and practical insights to define KAM, including its characteristics and success factors in building strong supplier-customer partnerships.
Key Account Management goes by various names…
Key account management is a supplier-led process of inter-organisational collaboration that creates value for the supplier in terms of long-term profitable business through developing high quality, mutually-beneficial relationships with strategically important external organisations.
A key account is an external organisation which is individually of strategic importance to the supplier.
A key account manager is responsible for the supplier’s relationship with at least one key account (and less than 5).
Customers need expert suppliers to solve their complex problems and to help them develop opportunities; such support provides high value and is worth the customer’s investment.
Such challenges call for the delivery of solutions including services, products, consultancy, advice and other kinds of support. Since business environments change, such solutions are required continuously.
Only by building collaboration across the businesses, involving different functions and management levels, can suppliers gain the deep understanding of their key customers required to coordinate their own capabilities to optimise such solutions.
This depth of relationship, tailoring of solutions and long-term approach separates key account management from traditional sales approaches that largely push an organisation’s products and services without focusing on individual customer requirements, payoffs or future status.
Characteristics of KAM
• Strong customer orientation, focusing on best serving strategically important customers that are key to its success.
• The number of a supplier’s key accounts is limited and their identity is clear.
• A key account manager will manage one or two accounts and a maximum of five.
• Key account managers have a broad and deep understanding of a key account’s business, well beyond purchase decision-making.
• Key account managers understand their own business, its strategies, processes and capabilities.
• Mutually-beneficial relationships are developed to exchange information and create value for both parties.
• Each key account is supported by a consistently-involved team from different functions, levels and areas of the business.
• Individually-tailored strategic account plans exist for short to long-term business with each key account.
• The focus is more on increasing profits and margins than sales revenue.
Requirements for success
• The KAM programme has active engagement of cross-functional senior management
• Targets and rewards are not heavily focused on short-term sales results: there is a balance between today and the future; internal and external relationships; and demonstration of skills.
• Multi-skilled, trained people drive success, supported by processes and enabling technologies.
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